What is Gastroparesis?
Gastroparesis is a chronic digestive disorder caused by a disruption in the normal functioning of the stomach. This problem can occur as a result of a variety of causes. In some cases, the stomach’s nerves are oversensitive, and the digestive system can’t properly respond to a meal. This can lead to malnutrition and dehydration. People with diabetes are also at higher risk of developing gastroparesis.
Diagnosing gastroparesis begins with a thorough physical exam and a detailed history. Other symptoms may include abdominal distention or tenderness. A physician may also look for other underlying diseases that can cause delayed emptying of the stomach. For example, gastroparesis can be caused by diabetes, which slows the process of digestion. In this case, the doctor may recommend treatment involving dietary changes and medications.
Gastroparesis is a serious health issue and can lead to lifelong discomfort. The resulting pain can affect the patient’s digestion and affect their health, especially if they do not eat a nutritious diet. Some people have no symptoms at all, but medications and dietary changes can help them manage the condition.
The diagnosis of gastroparesis requires a physician’s review of physical examination findings, a physical examination, and blood tests. Although gastroparesis is a rare complication, a few diagnostic tests can rule out other disorders with similar symptoms. The most definitive test for gastroparesis is a gastric emptying study. This test involves the patient eating a small meal containing a small amount of radioactive material, and a scanning device tracks how the food moves through the stomach.
In some severe cases of gastroparesis, a feeding tube is implanted into the bowel. This feeding tube allows for liquid nutrition to bypass the stomach. Depending on the severity of the condition, a person may also need intravenous nutrition. This procedure involves the placement of a feeding tube through a large vein.
The treatment for gastroparesis varies depending on the cause, the severity of the symptoms, and the response of the patient. Diabetic patients may have a high risk of developing gastroparesis, and treatment usually involves adjusting the patient’s blood glucose levels. Other treatments can include lifestyle and dietary changes. Patients with gastroparesis should avoid eating fried foods, high-fat meats, and carbonated beverages.
Nonsurgical treatments are also available to treat gastroparesis. A newer treatment for gastroparesis is per oral pyloromyotomy, which involves using an endoscope to insert a thin instrument into the stomach. The endoscope will then advance along the pylorus, a valve that empties the stomach, to cut it. After the procedure, the food will move through the intestines more easily.
Gastroparesis can be a chronic condition that causes the digestive system to be unable to empty the stomach after eating. It is caused by damage to the vagus nerve, which sends messages to the stomach muscles. This can lead to abdominal pain and bloating.